Companies should take note of two imminent developments in New York in the area of cybersecurity regulation: enforcement of the New York Department of Financial Services Cybersecurity Regulation and the effective date of the Stop Hacks and Improve Electronic Data Security Act. The Regulation and the Act both contain prescriptive cybersecurity requirements and new breach notification obligations on regulated organizations. The Act has a particularly broad reach, impacting any company that owns or licenses private information of New York residents.
On July 25, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo signed into law a pair of bills establishing new requirements for businesses that process certain personal information related to New York residents. The changes include expanding the scope of information covered by New York’s data breach notification law; defining breaches to include incidents involving unauthorized access to covered information, even where the information is not acquired; and requiring consumer reporting agencies who suffer breaches of social security numbers to offer up to 5 years of identity theft services. Businesses maintaining the private information of New York residents also will now be required to proactively develop “reasonable safeguards” within their organization as part of a new “reasonable security requirement.”