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Tag Archives: Internet of Things

Posted in Consumer Privacy, Cybersecurity & Data Breaches

Online Trust Alliance Releases Privacy and Security Checklist for IoT Consumers

Some of the largest cyber attacks in recent memory have employed an army of connected home devices to achieve their goals. This co-opting of connected home devices owned by consumers around the world occurs without those consumers’ knowledge or consent. For example, in mid-September, several thousand devices—home routers, Internet-connected video cameras, and digital video recorders—were used to create a “botnet” that collectively pounded the security researcher Brian Krebs’ website with 620 gigabits of data per second. At the time, the attack was thought to be the largest in history. An even larger army was assembled a few days later for an attack on the French hosting provider OVH that peaked at over one terabit of traffic per second. These distributed denial-of-service attacks were successful because they exploited basic security vulnerabilities in connected home devices, such as default passwords used to access administrator settings.

This week, the Online Trust Alliance turned its attention from manufacturers to consumers by releasing a checklist of basic steps that consumers can take to improve the privacy and security “hygiene” of their connected home and wearable devices. Just as smoke detectors require periodic battery changes, the OTA warns that IoT devices also benefit from regular checkups.

Posted in Consumer Privacy

Deirdre Mulligan, Hogan Lovells, Discuss Relations Between Tech Community and Government at Silicon Valley Dinner

On July 25, 2016, Hogan Lovells hosted a Silicon Valley dinner as part of its 2025 dinner series. The theme of the dinner was “I’m from Mars, You’re from Venus: The Tech Community and its Future Relationship with Government”. The discussion, moderated by Deirdre Mulligan of UC, Berkeley, focused on the tech community’s view of regulatory, law enforcement and national security issues, here in the U.S., as well as in Europe; and how the tech industry will be impacted by the upcoming U.S. elections as well as Brexit.

Posted in International/EU Privacy

Regulators Announce International Investigation into Practices of Internet Connected Devices

A number of data protection authorities around the globe have issued press releases confirming their involvement in the 2016 global privacy “sweep”, which kicked off on April 11th. This year’s initiative involves a coordinated investigation by 29 DPAs into the practices of internet-connected devices, such as fitness and health trackers, thermostats, smart meters and TVs and connected cars. The work is being coordinated by the Global Privacy Enforcement Network under the leadership of the UK Information Commissioner’s Office.

Posted in Consumer Privacy

NTIA Commences Internet of Things Proceeding

On April 5, 2016, the National Telecommunications and Information Administration initiated an inquiry to review the potential benefits and challenges presented by the Internet of Things. In its Notice and request for public comment (RFC), NTIA is seeking input on the current IoT technological and policy landscape with a goal of developing recommendations—in the form of a Green Paper—as to whether and how the federal government should play a role in fostering the advancement of IoT technologies.

Posted in News & Events

April 2016 Privacy and Cybersecurity Events

Please join us for our April 2016 Privacy and Cybersecurity Events, including discussions on the Internet of Things, big data in healthcare, the Telephone Consumer Protection Act, international data flows, and more.

Posted in Consumer Privacy

Principles to Consider for your IoT Privacy and Security Program

Fifteen months after forming an Internet of Things working group, on March 2, 2016, the Online Trust Alliance released a final version of its IoT Framework along with a companion Resource Guide that provides explanations and additional resources. The voluntary Framework sets forth thirty suggested guidelines that provide criteria for designing privacy, security, and sustainability into connected devices. The creation of the OTA IoT principles represents a potential starting point for achieving privacy- and security-protective innovation for IoT devices.

Posted in Consumer Privacy, Cybersecurity & Data Breaches

FTC Says Listen Up When Vulnerability Reports Come In

The FTC wants companies to listen. More precisely, the FTC wants companies to pay attention to and promptly to respond to reports of security vulnerabilities. That’s a key takeaway from the Commission’s recent settlement with ASUSTek. In its complaint against the Taiwanese router manufacturer, the FTC alleged that ASUS misrepresented its security practices and failed to reasonably secure its router software, citing the company’s alleged failure to address vulnerability reports as one of the Commission’s primary concerns. The settlement reiterates the warnings contained in the FTC’s recent Start with Security Guide and prior settlements with HTC America and Fandango: the FTC expects companies to implement adequate processes for receiving and addressing security vulnerability reports within a reasonable time.

Posted in Cybersecurity & Data Breaches

Privacy, Security, and IoT Prominent Themes at Silicon Flatirons DBM Conference

On January 31, 2016, the Silicon Flatirons Center for Law, Technology, and Entrepreneurship at the University of Colorado hosted its annual Digital Broadband Migration Symposium. The theme of this year’s conference was “The Evolving Industry Structure of the Digital Broadband Landscape.” The two-day conference brought together an array of leaders from government, academia, and industry to examine the role of regulatory oversight, antitrust law, and intellectual property policy in regulating industry structure and to discuss what policy reforms may be appropriate for the constantly changing digital broadband environment. As outlined below, a recurring topic throughout this year’s conference was the relationship between privacy, security, and the evolving digital landscape.

Posted in International/EU Privacy

Hong Kong Privacy Regulator Issues 2015 Report, Outlines 2016 Focus

On 26 January, Hong Kong’s Privacy Commissioner for Personal Data published his annual report on 2015 complaints and enforcement activity under the Personal Data Privacy Ordinance. The report reveals that 871,000 Hong Kong individuals were affected by data breaches in 2015, compared with 47,000 in 2014. The report is noteworthy that the number of reported breaches continues to increase at a rapid pace notwithstanding the fact that Hong Kong’s data breach notification regime is at the moment a voluntary one. The report is also notable for setting out the Commissioner’s statement of priorities for 2016.

Posted in Consumer Privacy, Cybersecurity & Data Breaches

Online Trust Alliance Releases Internet of Things Trust Framework

One of the most common devices in the emerging Internet of Things (IoT) was reportedly discovered to have a bug. According to the research firm Fortinet, a popular fitness tracker was vulnerable to wireless attacks through its unsecured Bluetooth port. A savvy attacker could install malware wirelessly within ten seconds—simply by coming within a few feet of the tracker. When the device’s owner returned home to sync daily activity with a computer, the malware could, in principle, infect the computer as well.

Posted in Consumer Privacy, Cybersecurity & Data Breaches

NIST Releases Draft Framework on the Internet of Things

The National Institute of Standards and Technology released the draft Framework for Cyber-Physical Systems on September 18. The Framework is intended to serve as a common blueprint for the development of safe, secure, and interoperable systems as varied as smart energy grids, wearable devices, and connected cars. The NIST Cyber-Physical Systems Public Working Group developed the draft document over the past year with input from several hundred experts from industry, academia, and government. NIST will be accepting public comment on the draft for the next 45 days.

Posted in Consumer Privacy, Cybersecurity & Data Breaches

NIST Tackles Cybersecurity in the Smart City

After the recent release of the discussion draft of its Framework for Cyber-Physical Systems, the National Institute for Standards and Technology has continued its push to facilitate the development of a more secure interconnected environment by convening a workshop on cybersecurity for smart cities. Co-hosted by the Cyber Security Research Alliance and titled “Designed-in Cybersecurity for Smart Cities: A Discussion of Unifying Architectures, Standards, Lessons Learned and R&D Strategies,” the workshop brought together representatives of government, industry, and academia to discuss how cybersecurity and privacy might be designed into the infrastructure of smart cities.

Posted in International/EU Privacy

Regulators Write to Manufacturers to Highlight Concerns Over Connected Devices

The UK and Canadian data protection regulators have written to webcam manufacturers to highlight concerns about the safety of internet-connected devices and to enlist their assistance in reducing the risks posed by their products. In particular, the regulators call for manufacturers to roll out privacy-friendly default settings, implement “privacy by design” – whereby data protection and privacy considerations are built into the design and manufacturing process – and provide increased guidance to consumers about ensuring the security of devices.

Posted in Consumer Privacy, Cybersecurity & Data Breaches

NIST Releases Discussion Draft on Cyber-Physical Systems Framework

This week, the National Institute of Standards and Technology released a preliminary discussion draft of its Framework for Cyber-Physical Systems. The draft has an ambitious goal: to create an integrated framework of standards that will form the blueprint for the creation of a massive interoperable network of cyber-physical systems (CPS), also known as the “Internet of Things.” In 2014, NIST established the cyber-physical systems public working group (CPS PWG)—an open public forum which includes representatives from government, industry, and academia—to develop the CPS framework. By creating a common framework at an early stage of the Internet of Things, the CPS PWG hopes to ensure the development of a secure, integrated, and interoperable ecosystem of connected devices. The CPS PWG will continue to solicit input as it refines the draft and works to finalize the framework for use in multiple industry sectors.

Posted in Consumer Privacy

The Auto Industry Is Serious About Connected Car Privacy

An issue that has started to appear on the privacy agenda is privacy and the “connected car.” Automakers here in the United States have taken the lead on privacy, and have answers to many of the inevitable privacy questions. Late last year the major automakers voluntarily agreed to a set of privacy and data security principles that will regulate how automakers collect, use, and share information. No other industry in the “Internet of Things” ecosystem of which connected cars are a part has done as much or has gone as far as automakers. The automakers understand that without the trust of consumers, new technologies will not be as readily embraced. The Privacy Principles provide a strong basis for such trust.

Posted in Consumer Privacy

Privacy in the Machine World

In 2014, the Internet of Things and big data were two of the hottest buzz words among privacy professionals. This year, “robotics” may be one of our oft-spoken words. In this post, we look at two of the challenges that robotics brings. One challenge facing privacy professionals is how to address potential privacy issues as autonomous robots powered by big data and network connectivity are brought into our personal spaces. Another, often equally challenging issue, is how to implement robotics in a legal and regulatory landscape that was designed, in many cases, for the relatively slow-paced technologies of the Internet where the chirps of dial-up modems broadcast our connections.

Posted in Consumer Privacy

Internet of Things Report Released by the FTC

The Federal Trade Commission yesterday released its staff report on the Internet of Things. The report summarizes the FTC’s November 2013 workshop, “The Internet of Things: Privacy and Security in a Connected World,” and provides FTC staff recommendations in this area. Notably, the report also describes best practices for data security and data minimization, and reaffirms the FTC’s commitment to notice and choice principles. We provide below an overview of the staff’s recommendations and the concurring and dissenting views of Commissioners Ohlhausen and Wright.

Posted in News & Events

Hogan Lovells Partner Discusses Privacy Regulation with FTC Commissioner Ohlhausen

As the keynote speaker for the Winnik Forum, U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Commissioner Maureen Ohlhausen sat down with Christopher Wolf, Director of Hogan Lovells’ Privacy and Information Management Practice to discuss the evolving role of the FTC as we enter an era of “Big Data” and the “Internet of Things.” Commissioner Ohlhausen offered her views on a flexible approach to protecting consumer data privacy as connected devices continue to evolve. As opportunities arise for additional potential uses of collected data, Commissioner Ohlhausen said organizations and policymakers should consider a “harms-based approach” in which new uses of data would be allowed as long as they do not cause consumer harm and as long as they remain consistent with earlier promises that organizations have made to consumers. The key for Commissioner Ohlhausen is that companies should disclose what data is being collected and keep the promises that they make to consumers about the collection and uses of that data.

Posted in Consumer Privacy

Hogan Lovells Article Anticipates Busy FTC Enforcement Season

Writing for Expert Guide: Competition and Antitrust Law, Hogan Lovells attorneys Dean Hansell and Charles Dickinson discuss the FTC’s current consumer protection initiatives and identify emerging areas of focus of the agency’s regulatory initiatives. Hansell and Dickinson also expect that the FTC may be “more willing to push enforcement initiatives” with its current roster of Commissioners and offer that “companies of all sizes would be well-served to understand how their businesses might fall under the FTC’s radar.”

Posted in Cybersecurity & Data Breaches

NIST Launches into the Internet of Things

This week, the National Institute of Standards and Technology convened the first face-to-face meeting of the cyber-physical systems public working group to develop and implement a new cybersecurity framework dedicated to cyber-physical systems, also known as the “Internet of Things.” Companies developing products and services involving CPS may consider participating in the CPS PWG, as participation in webinars and meetings is open and intended to be convenient. The group’s efforts may affect the legal landscape developing around CPS.