Recent developments in the United States suggest that cybersecurity of the maritime sector will come under increasing focus in 2016. On December 16, 2015, H.R. 3878, “Strengthening Cybersecurity Information Sharing and Coordination in Our Ports Act of 2015,” passed the House of Representatives. The Bill’s language echoes and expands upon recommendations made by the General Accountability Audit in its June 5, 2014 study Maritime Port Cybersecurity. It also reflects congressional focus on enabling cybersecurity information sharing as seen in the recent passage of the Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act.
On April 25, Hogan Lovells partner Harriet Pearson testified before the US House of Representatives on the relationship between cybersecurity and privacy in business. The Subcommittee on Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection, and Security Technologies of the House Committee on Homeland Security held a hearing on “Striking the Right Balance: Protecting our Nation’s Critical Infrastructure from Cyber Attack and Ensuring Privacy and Civil Liberties” to examine existing privacy protections and learn more about potential improvements. Pearson first outlined several cybersecurity-related measures that may require access to personal information, and thus potentially implicate privacy concerns. Pearson then offered her views on steps business and government can take to incorporate respect for privacy into enhanced cybersecurity.