During a November 13, 2014 hearing before the Digital Rights Commission of the French National Assembly, Jean-Marie Delarue, the head of France’s oversight Commission for National Security Interceptions said that France’s 1991 law on national security wiretaps needed to be updated to better protect individuals. Currently, the CNCIS is consulted by the Prime Minister’s office before the implementation of national security wiretaps. According to Mr. Delarue, this system works well for wiretaps. But the collection of metadata falls largely outside this procedure. According to Delarue, a major overhaul of the 1991 law on national security wiretaps is needed to catch up with modern intelligence gathering techniques and to better reflect the case law of the European Court of Human Rights. According to Delarue, justifications for government invasion of privacy need to be narrowly defined by law. Broad justifications such as “fundamental interests of the nation” are too vague to withstand scrutiny under European constitutional principles.