Update: On 3 December 2019 the law imposing multi-million Ruble fines for infringing Russian data localization and information security laws has come into force. Since the law has already come into force, new fines may be imposed on companies based on results of Roskomnadzor’s inspections in 2020. Roskomnadzor has already identified the entities it plans to inspect in 2020 but may initiate unplanned inspections as well based, for example, on data subject complaints or its online monitoring of company activity.
On June 13, 2019, a new draft bill imposing multi-million ruble fines for infringing Russian data localization and information security laws—multiplying the maximum penalty under current law by a magnitude of 240—was submitted to the State Duma (the lower chamber of Russian Parliament). This would supplement existing fines, which we reported were previously increased in 2017.
Recently, the Russian Data Privacy Authority, Roskomnadzor, organized an Open Doors Day in honor of the International Data Privacy Day. During the occasion, Roskomnadzor officers presented on the authority’s 2017 enforcement activities. They followed this presentation with an open question and answer period, during which they responded to numerous questions raised by attendees. This post summarizes the key takeaways.
Two weeks ago, certain territorial divisions of the Russian Data Protection Authority, Roskomnadzor, published their 2018 plans for conducting inspections of local companies’ compliance with Russian data privacy requirements, including with Russia’s data localization requirement. The inspection plans contain a number of prominent multi-national and Russian companies.
On 7 February 2017, the Russian President signed into law a bill introducing amendments to the Russian Code on Administrative Offences that increases the amount of the fines imposed for violating Russian data protection laws and differentiates the relevant offences’ types. The greatest increase raises maximum fines for certain violations from RUB 10,000 to 75,000 (approx. USD 170 to 1,260).The law will come into force on 1 July 2017.
At the end of 2016, territorial divisions of the Russian Data Protection Authority, Roskomnadzor, published their 2017 plans for conducting inspections of local companies’ compliance with Russian data privacy requirements, including data localization. The inspection plans contain a number of prominent multi-national and Russian companies.
In a case with major significance for foreign online businesses that do business in Russia, on Thursday, 10 November the Moscow City Court sustained a lower court ruling that granted the request of the Russian Data Protection Authority to block access to social network LinkedIn within Russian territory. Although the data localization requirement took effect in September 2015, this is the first case of Russia blocking access to a foreign online business due to non-compliance with the Russian data localization requirement. There had been some doubt regarding how rigorously the data localization requirement would be applied, and this case indicates that at least in some circumstances, Roskomnadzor will aggressively push for websites to be blocked. Similar online services should examine their compliance with the data localization requirements in light of this decision.
Media reports this week broke the news that a Russian court of first instance ruled this past August to block LinkedIn from Russian Internet users for violating Russia’s data localization law, which requires websites and other businesses that collected personal data from Russian citizens to store that data within the territory of Russia. According to the available court ruling, an appeal was filed and a hearing is scheduled for that appeal on 10 November 2016.
It has been a year since Russia’s data localization requirement came into force in September 2015, requiring companies to store within Russia databases containing personal data they collect from Russian citizens. Exactly one year later, the Russian Data Protection Authority, Roskomnadzor, issued a news release on the first year of enforcement.
In the update, Roskomnadzor stated that an absolute majority of the inspected companies comply with the data localization requirement and that noncompliance is low.
Yesterday, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed the law “On introducing amendments to the Federal law ‘on fighting terrorism’ and other legislative acts of the Russian Federation related to establishment of additional measures against terrorism and ensuring public security.” Specifically, the Law introduces amendments to the Russian Law on Communications and the Russian Law On Information, Information Technologies and Protection of Information.
We last reported on Russia’s data localization law earlier this year when the Russian data protection authority, Roskomnadzor, released its inspection plan for 2016. Since then, Roskomnadzor has been conducting compliance inspections both according to the plan and in individual cases when it has reason to do so. The results of those inspections and recent […]
In mid-January, the territorial divisions of Russia’s Data Protection Authority, Roskomnadzor, uploaded their 2016 plans for conducting inspections of local companies’ compliance with Russia’s data localization requirements, and there are a number of prominent multi-national companies on the list.
The Right to be Forgotten Law imposes an obligation on search engines that disseminate adverts targeted at consumers located in Russia to remove search results listing information on individuals where such information is unlawfully disseminated, untrustworthy, outdated, or irrelevant (i.e. the information is no longer substantially relevant to the individual in question due to subsequent events or the actions of individuals). The Law includes exemptions where a search engine does not have to comply – (i) information on events reporting a crime where the limitation period for criminal liability has not expired; as well as (ii) crimes committed by an individual where their conviction record has not been erased.
We are now almost two months into the era of Russia’s Data Localization Law, which came into force on 1 September. While some expected immediate enforcement, the Russian Data protection Authority, Roskomnadzor, has not yet taken any action for a violation of data localization requirements. Last month, Roskomnadzor did take formal enforcement action to block a website and add it to register of violators of data subject rights for maintaining an illegal Internet database containing the contact details of over 1.5 million Russian citizens. This enforcement, however, was not for violation of the data localization law, but rather for the illegal collection and dissemination of personal data under other Russian data protection laws.
Today, on 1 September 2015, the Russian Data Localization Law came into force. So far there have been no unexpected developments or reports of any unplanned inspections by Roskomnadzor, the Russian Data Protection Authority. Existing planning documents, however, provide some predictability for organizations subject to the law about the schedule under which Roskomnadzor plans on conducting compliance inspections.
With the aim of keeping pace alongside European practice, on July 13th 2015, the Russian President signed into law a bill amending the Federal Law “On Information, information technologies and on protection of information” No. 149-FZ of 27 July 2006. This law introduces in Russia the so-called “right to be forgotten” or “right to oblivion” and will take effect on January 1st 2016.
As we reported last week, on 3 August 2015 the Russian Ministry of Communications, the agency that oversees the Russian data protection authority which will be enforcing Russia’s Data Localization Law, published unofficial clarifications on its website that provide a view into how the Ministry believes organizations must comply with the law. While these clarifications are non-binding, they constitute the only written regulatory guidance that has been published to date about the law, which takes effect on 1 September and requires organizations that collect personal data from individuals located in Russia to store that data within Russian territory. The Ministry’s website also provides a mechanism to ask further questions online. In this blog post, we summarize the main issues raised in the published clarifications, and the possible impact on global businesses seeking to comply with the law.
In September 2015 the Russian Data Localization Law will come into force, requiring organizations that collect personal data from individuals located in Russia to store that data within Russian territory. In this blog post, we summarize recent developments on how the law will be applied, including the unexpected publication of regulatory guidance issued by the government this week.
With the September 2015 effective date of Russia’s Data Localization Law less than six months away, the Russian data protection authority, Roskomnadzor, has still not issued any formal guidance on how it interprets the law’s broad requirement that companies must process and store the personal data of Russian citizens within Russia. Roskomnadzor has, however, recently held a series of meetings with different industry groups about the law. While Roskomnadzor’s views as expressed in these meetings do not constitute a formal position, they provide insight into how the regulator is likely to interpret the law.
On 24 February, the Russian State Duma (the lower chamber of the Russian Parliament) adopted in the first reading a draft law introducing amendments to the Russian Code on Administrative Offences that would increase the amount of the fines imposed for violating Russian data protection laws and introducing a differentiation of the relevant offences’ types. Notably, the Draft Law does not introduce any separate fine for violating Russia’s new Data Localization Law, although there is still a possibility that this could be modified as the legislative process progresses.
On 31 December, the Russian President signed into Federal Law No. 526-FZ a proposal to change the effective date of Russia’s Data Localization Law, first passed last summer, from 1 September 2016 to 1 September 2015.
Two developments in Russian law this summer could significantly limit the ability of cloud and other online services to publish online content and to make Russian data remotely available online. The first is the advancement of legislation requiring data operators to store locally in Russia information of Russian citizens. The second is the countdown to the effective date of new rules that impose onerous registration, content, and censorship requirements on certain website operators and electronic communication services. We address each here in turn.